alexa Differential expression of immunoregulatory genes in monocytes in response to Porphyromonas gingivalis and Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Barksby HE, Nile CJ, Jaedicke KM, Taylor JJ, Preshaw PM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (strain W50) interacts with Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR-2) leading to cytokine expression and inflammation, and thereby plays a key role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. The aims of this study were to investigate gene expression of key regulatory mediators of innate immune responses in a human monocytic cell line (THP-1) to P. gingivalis LPS and to compare these results with those obtained using the TLR-4 ligand, Escherichia coli LPS. Custom-made Taqman low-density arrays were used for expression profiling of 45 different cytokine-related genes. Both types of LPS highly up-regulated interleukin (IL)-1alpha and IL-1beta, IL-18 receptor (IL-18R), IL-18R accessory protein and IL-1 family (IL-1F)9. Expression levels of IL-1F6, IL-1F7 and caspase-1 were unaltered by either LPS. Genes for tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6, leukaemia inhibitory factor and IL-32 were also highly induced by both LPS. For a subset of genes, including CXC chemokine ligand 5 (CXCL5), expression was induced only by E. coli LPS or was up-regulated more highly by E. coli compared with P. gingivalis LPS in THP-1 monocytes. A similar expression pattern was also observed in dendritic cells. Analysis of signalling pathways which lead to CXCL5 expression indicated that the mechanisms underpinning the differential responses did not involve the recruitment of different adaptor proteins by TLR-2 and TLR-4, and therefore occur downstream of the receptor-adaptor complex. We conclude that differences in signalling pathways activated by TLR-2 and TLR-4 ligands lead to differential innate immune responses which may be important in polymicrobial diseases such as periodontal disease.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords