Author(s): Alam T, An MR, Papaconstantinou J
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Abstract Eucaryotic organisms possess natural defense processes triggered by stress factors such as injury, infection, and inflammation. The acute phase response is an early defense mechanism during which striking changes in protein synthesis occur in the liver and other tissues. The altered expression of many acute phase protein genes is at the transcriptional level. Some of these genes have DNA binding sites for the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) family of transcription factors. We report here that in vivo expression of three isoforms of C/EBP is dramatically changed during the acute phase response. The steady-state mRNA levels of C/EBP alpha decreased significantly in the liver, lung, and fat tissues of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice; moreover, nuclear run-off transcription assays indicated a decrease in the rate of C/EBP alpha gene transcription in isolated liver nuclei. The steady-state levels of C/EBP beta and a new isoform, C/EBP delta, were dramatically increased in many tissues within 4 h following LPS treatment. The rates of transcription of these two genes were only minimally altered in liver but significantly increased in kidney nuclei isolated from stimulated animals. Thus, the C/EBP isoforms exhibit differential mechanisms in their responses to LPS in various tissues and are likely to play an important role in mediating the transcriptional activation of genes involved in the acute phase response.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access