Author(s): Yang ZM, Chen DB, Le SP, Harper MJ
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Abstract Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) has been shown to be essential for the implantation of mouse blastocysts. The present study was designed to determine how LIF protein was hormonally regulated in rabbit and mouse uterus using immunohistochemistry. In unmated rabbits, LIF protein was at a low level in the uterine epithelium and glands, and up-regulated by progesterone alone or estradiol-17 beta and progesterone combined. Estradiol-17 beta alone had no apparent effect. In ovariectomized mice, the level of LIF protein was very low in the uterine epithelium and glands, and was up-regulated by estradiol-17 beta alone or estradiol-17 beta and progesterone combined. Progesterone alone had no apparent effect. These results suggest that LIF protein is differentially regulated in rabbit and mouse uterus by progesterone and estrogen, respectively. This would explain the high level of LIF protein observed in uterine epithelium and glands prior to blastocyst implantation in the two species with different hormonal requirements for implantation.
This article was published in Mol Reprod Dev
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy