alexa Differential lipoprotein transport pathways of K-vitamins in healthy subjects.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Vitamins & Minerals

Author(s): Schurgers LJ, Vermeer C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Vitamin K is a group name for K1 (phylloquinone) and K2 (menaquinones). Both forms contribute to the tissue vitamin K status. Following intestinal absorption, the serum transport of these lipophilic compounds to their target tissues takes place via lipoproteins. In previous studies we have found that K1 is preferentially accumulated in the liver, whereas menaquinones have a more widespread distribution pattern. Here we have tested whether these differences may be explained by the different liposolubility of the various K-vitamers, resulting in their association with different lipoprotein particles. Six healthy male volunteers received a mixture containing 2 micromol of each of three K vitamers (K1, MK-4, and MK-9) dissolved in corn oil. Blood was obtained at baseline and at different time intervals after intake for the measurement of vitamin K in serum and in the lipoprotein fractions. During the first 4 h after intake all K-vitamins were found to be associated predominantly with the triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TGRLP) fraction. Since the TGRLP fraction is mainly cleared by the liver, this suggests that initially most of the K-vitamins are transported to the liver. In contrast to K1, however, both menaquinones investigated were also found in TGRLP and low-density lipoprotein, whereas MK-4 was even present in high-density lipoprotein. This explains why menaquinones may have a different distribution profile and suggests a relatively large impact of menaquinones on extra-hepatic vitamin K status than generally assumed. Moreover, the very long half-life time of MK-9 in the circulation indicates that it may form a more constant source of vitamin K than are either K1 or MK-4.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Vitamins & Minerals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

agriaquacultur[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords