Author(s): Dimitroff CJ, Lee JY, Schor KS, Sandmaier BM, Sackstein R
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Abstract Expression of L-selectin on human hematopoietic cells (HC) is associated with a higher proliferative activity and a more rapid engraftment after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Two L-selectin ligands are expressed on human HCs, P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and a specialized glycoform of CD44 (hematopoietic cell E- and L-selectin ligand, HCELL). Although the structural biochemistry of HCELL and PSGL-1 is well characterized, the relative capacity of these molecules to mediate L-selectin-dependent adhesion has not been explored. In this study, we examined under shear stress conditions L-selectin-dependent leukocyte adhesive interactions mediated by HCELL and PSGL-1, both as naturally expressed on human HC membranes and as purified molecules. By utilizing both Stamper-Woodruff and parallel-plate flow chamber assays, we found that HCELL displayed a 5-fold greater capacity to support L-selectin-dependent leukocyte adherence across a broad range of shear stresses compared with that of PSGL-1. Moreover, L-selectin-mediated leukocyte binding to immunopurified HCELL was consistently >5-fold higher than leukocyte binding to equivalent amounts of PSGL-1. Taken together, these data indicate that HCELL is a more avid L-selectin ligand than PSGL-1 and may be the preferential mediator of L-selectin-dependent adhesive interactions among human HCs in the bone marrow.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy