alexa Differential modulation of apoptosis-associated proteins by ethanol in rat cerebral cortex and cerebellum
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Author(s): Yadavalli Rajgopal, Chellu S Chetty, Mohan C Vemuri

Abstract Share this page

Chronic ethanol treatment caused a differential modulation of apoptosis-associated proteins, cytochrome c release, concomitant with procaspase-9 and procaspase-3 activation leading to oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation in rat cerebral cortex and cerebellum. Caspase-3 proform (32 kDa) showed decreased immunoreactivity in cortex and cerebellum, while the cleaved active fragment (17 kDa) increased significantly in cerebellum after ethanol treatment. Further, chronic ethanol treatment increased caspase-3 activity in cortex and to a higher extent in cerebellum, which was further confirmed by blocking experiments with caspase-3 specific inhibitor, N-acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-aldehyde (Ac-DEVD-CHO). We tested whether activated caspase-3 cleaves downstream substrates such as poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta). Western blots showed poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 cleavage to its signature fragment of 85 kDa and decreased levels of PKC-delta in cerebral cortex and cerebellum after ethanol treatment, suggestive of caspase-3 activation. Elevated caspase-3 activity in cerebellum than cortex correlating with cytochrome c, caspase-9, active caspase-3 (p17), poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and PKC-delta data, suggests a mechanism by which ethanol might be exerting pro-apoptotic events in brain and how selective brain regions such as cerebellum are vulnerable to ethanol neurotoxicity in terms of cell death.

This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords