alexa Differential NADPH- versus NADH-dependent superoxide production by phagocyte-type endothelial cell NADPH oxidase.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Li JM, Shah AM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: A poorly characterized phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase, which is reportedly NADH- rather than NADPH-dependent, is a major source of endothelial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. We investigated the molecular nature of this oxidase and the characteristics of NADPH- versus NADH-dependent O(2)(-) production in endothelial cells of three different species. METHODS: NADPH oxidase expression in human, bovine and porcine endothelial cells was studied by RT-PCR and immunoblotting. O(2)(-) production was assessed by lucigenin chemiluminescence and cytochrome c reduction assay. RESULTS: The NADPH oxidase subunits p47-phox, p67-phox, p22-phox, gp91-phox, and rac1 were all expressed in endothelial cells. NADPH-dependent O(2)(-) production by endothelial cells was readily detectable using lucigenin 5 micromol/l, was minimally affected by increasing lucigenin dose up to 400 micromol/l, and was abolished by diphenyleneiodonium. In contrast, NADH-dependent O(2)(-) production was only detectable with lucigenin > or =50 micromol/l, increased substantially with higher lucigenin dose, and was unaffected by diphenyleneiodonium. Predominance of NADPH- over NADH-dependent O(2)(-) production was confirmed in cell homogenates and by cytochrome c reduction assay. CONCLUSION: Endothelial cells express all components of a phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase. Like the neutrophil enzyme, the endothelial oxidase is preferentially NADPH- rather than NADH-dependent. NADH-dependent O(2)(-) production appears to be an artefact related to the use of lucigenin doses > or =50 micromol/l.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Res and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords