Author(s): Tang CH, Yang RS, Liu CZ, Huang TF, Fu WM
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Abstract The interaction of extracellular matrix with cells plays a key role in the regulation of cell adhesion, migration, proliferation as well as differentiation. Transformed cells express a different profile of adhesion molecules, which may mediate metastasis under specific matrix microenvironment. We here found that ROS 17/2.8 osteosarcoma cells and osteoblasts have different expression of alpha5 integrin, executing different fibronectin fibrillogenesis. As compared with ROS 17/2.8 cells, osteoblasts have higher expression of fibronectin, collagen, alpha5, beta1, alpha2 integrins and focal adhesion kinase as examined by immunostaining and flow cytometry. Crovidisin, a PIII snake venom metalloproteinase (SVMP) purified from venom of Crotalus viridis, exhibits collagen-binding activity and matrix metalloproteinase activity. Crovidisin selectively caused the detachment of ROS 17/2.8 osteosarcoma cells but not of primary cultured osteoblasts. On the other hand, triflavin, an RGD-dependent disintegrin purified from venom of Trimeresurus flavoviridis, did not cause the detachment of both osteoblasts and ROS 17/2.8 cells. Although ROS 17/2.8 cells detached from substratum after crovidisin treatment for 24 h, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential was not observed unless a prolonged treatment for longer than 36 h. These results suggest that cultured primary rat osteoblasts and ROS 17/2.8 osteosarcoma cells possess different expression of integrins and matrix environment, and ROS 17/2.8 is much more susceptible to be detached by crovidisin. The matrix degradation by crovidisin may be responsible for the preferential detachment of ROS 17/2.8 osteosarcoma cells.
This article was published in Toxicon
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research