alexa Differentiated sympathetic neural control of the kidney.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Author(s): DiBona GF, Sawin LL, Jones SY

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Anatomic and neurophysiological methods were used to identify functionally specific subgroups of renal sympathetic nerve fibers. The distribution of diameters of the predominating unmyelinated fibers showed a major mode at 1.1 microns and a minor mode at 1.6 microns. The conduction velocity was 2.10 +/- 0.10 m/s, consistent with unmyelinated C fibers. Analysis of strength-duration relationships during renal nerve stimulation showed that both rheobase and chronaxie values for renal blood flow were greater than those for urinary flow rate and were independent of stimulation frequency. This difference suggests a higher stimulation threshold (smaller diameter) for those renal nerve fibers involved in the renal blood flow response (renal vasoconstriction) compared with those for the urinary flow rate response (antidiuresis) to renal nerve stimulation. Single renal units that responded to preganglionic splanchnic nerve stimulation were studied. Those with spontaneous activity (88\%) responded to stimulation of arterial baroreceptors, arterial and central chemoreceptors, and peripheral thermoreceptors, whereas those that lacked spontaneous activity (12\%) responded only to stimulation of peripheral thermoreceptors (known to produce renal vasoconstriction). A minority population of single renal units has been identified that, although renal vasoconstrictor, does not exhibit other characteristic features of vasoconstrictor neurons (i.e., responsiveness to stimulation of arterial baroreceptors and arterial and central chemoreceptors). These findings suggest the existence of functionally specific subgroups of renal nerve fibers.
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Physics
    Aug 28-30, 2017 Brussels, Belgium
  • 5th Global Chemistry Congress
    September 04-06, 2017 London, UK
  • 3rd World Chemistry Conference
    September 11-12, 2017 Dallas, USA
  • Global Conference on Physical Chemistry
    September 18-19, 2017 Dublin, Ireland
  • 2nd International Conference on Applied Chemistry  
    October 16-17, 2017 Toronto, Canada
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords