Author(s): Javitch JA, Fu D, Chen J
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Abstract Cys118, in the third membrane-spanning segment of the dopamine D2 receptor, is exposed in the binding-site crevice. Cys118 reacts with the highly polar, sulfhydryl-specific reagents methanethiosulfonate ethylammonium (MTSEA) and methanethiosulfonate ethyltrimethylammonium (MTSET), and this reaction is retarded by the presence of antagonists and agonists. The reaction of MTSEA covalently attaches-SCH2CH2NH3+ to the cysteine sulfhydryl, producing a lysine-like side chain. The reaction of MTSEA with Cys118 decreased the affinity of substituted-benzamide antagonists, such as YM-09151-2, by 50-2800-fold, whereas the affinities of other antagonists, such as N-methyl-spiperone, were decreased < / = 6-fold. Agonist affinities were decreased 3-12,000-fold. Mutation of Cys118 to Lys had effects similar to that of the reaction of Cys118 with MTSEA. In contrast, mutation to the uncharged Met, the side-chain volume of which is similar to that of Lys, had much lesser effects on binding. All of the agonists and antagonists contain a positively charged nitrogen that is thought to interact with the side chain of Asp114, located one alpha-helical turn above Cys118. If this nitrogen is close to Asp114, then in the substituted-benzamides, the group on the nitrogen or the pyrrolidine ring itself could extend toward Cys118. Modification of Cys118 would then interfere with binding. The reaction of MTSET with Cys118 covalently attaches-SCH2CH2N(CH3)3+, which is bulkier and approximately 2 angstroms longer than the -SCH2CH2NH3+ added by MTSEA. In contrast to MTSEA, MTSET had equally large effects on the binding of YM-09151-2 and N-methyl-spiperone. Therefore, the effect on binding depends on both the size and the charge of the side chain substituted for that of Cys118.
This article was published in Mol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics