Author(s): Kuo YC, Yeh CF, Yang JT, Kuo YC, Yeh CF, Yang JT
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Abstract This study investigates the physicochemical properties of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/chitosan scaffolds and the neuron growth factor (NGF)-guided differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in the scaffolds. The scaffolds were prepared by the crosslinking of 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride, N-hydroxysuccinimide and genipin, and the differentiating BMSCs were characterized against CD44, CD90 and NeuN. The scaffold with 20\% PLGA yielded 95\% porosity, Young's modulus of 13MPa, 70\% adhesion of BMSCs and 1.6-fold increase in the cell viability over 7-day cultivation. BMSCs without guidance in the PLGA/chitosan scaffolds were prone to differentiate toward osteoblasts with apparent deposition of calcium. When NGF was introduced, an increased weight percentage of PLGA yielded more identified neurons. In addition, mature neurons emerged from the PLGA-rich biomaterials after induction with NGF over 2 days. A proper control over the physical and biomedical property of the scaffolds and the NGF-guided differentiation of BMSCs can be promising for nerve regeneration.
This article was published in Biomaterials
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques