Author(s): Bastida E, Ordinas A, Jamieson GA
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Abstract Two different mechanisms of aggregation of heparinized human platelet-rich plasma have been identified with two tumor cell lines: In neither case are these mechanisms dependent on platelet-derived ADP. U87MG cells from a glioblastoma line of human origin caused a single irreversible wave of aggregation simultaneously with the onset of platelet secretion, and this was inhibited by heparin and hirudin but not by apyrase or phospholipase D. In contrast, Hut 20 cells from an undifferentiated tumor cell line of murine origin gave an initial reversible wave followed by a second irreversible wave, which then led to secretion. The first wave of platelet aggregation was unaffected by heparin or hirudin but was inhibited by apyrase, and the second wave was inhibited by phospholipase D. Citrate caused irreversible inhibition with either cell line, and aggregation did not occur with gel filtered platelets. These results suggest that platelet aggregation by the Hut 20 line is initially dependent on ADP released from the tumor cells, whereas aggregation induced by the U87MG line is dependent on a procoagulant activity of the tumor cell surface.
This article was published in Am J Hematol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry