Author(s): Nikolai F Rulkov, Mikhail M Sushchik, Lev S Tsimring, Alexander R Volkovskii
Utilization of chaotic signals for covert communications remains a very promising practical application. Multiple studies indicate that the major shortcoming of recently proposed chaos-based communication schemes is their susceptibility to noise and distortions in communication channels. In this paper, we review a new approach to communication with chaotic signals, which demonstrates good performance in the presence of channel distortions. This communication scheme is based upon chaotic signals in the form of pulse trains where intervals between the pulses are determined by chaotic dynamics of a pulse generator. The pulse train with chaotic inter-pulse intervals is used as a carrier. Binary information is modulated onto this carrier by the pulse position modulation method, such that each pulse is either left unchanged or delayed by a certain time, depending on whether “0” or “1” is transmitted. By synchronizing the receiver to the chaotic-pulse train we can anticipate the timing of pulses corresponding to “0” and “1” and thus can decode the transmitted information. Based on the results of theoretical and experimental studies we discuss the basic design principles for the chaotic-pulse generator, its synchronization, and the performance of the chaotic-pulse communication scheme in the presence of channel noise and filtering. We also discuss the possibilities of multiuser communication using CPPM and its advantages over standard communication techniques.