alexa Digitalis-induced signaling by Na+ K+-ATPase in human breast cancer cells.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Kometiani P, Liu L, Askari A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Because beneficial effects of digitalis treatment in breast cancer patients have been suggested by epidemiological studies, we explored the mechanism of the growth inhibitory effects of these drugs on the estrogen receptor-negative human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-435 s. Ouabain concentrations (100 nM or lower) that caused less than 25\% inhibition of the pumping function of Na+/K+-ATPase had no effect on cell viability but inhibited proliferation. At the same concentrations, ouabain 1) activated Src kinase and stimulated the interaction of Src and Na+/K+-ATPase with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); 2) caused a transient and then a sustained activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2); 3) increased the expression of p21Cip1 but decreased that of p53; and 4) activated c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) but not p38 kinase. These data, in conjunction with our previous findings on the signaling role of Na+/K+-ATPase in other cells, suggest that ouabain-induced activation/transactivation of Src/EGFR by Na+/K+-ATPase leads to activation of ERK1/2, the resulting increase in the level of cell cycle inhibitor p21Cip1, and growth arrest. Cooperation of JNK with ERK1/2 in this process is also suggested. Digoxin and digitoxin concentrations close to or at the therapeutic plasma levels had effects on proliferation and ERK1/2 similar to those of ouabain, supporting the proposed potential value of digitalis drugs for the treatment of breast cancer. This article was published in Mol Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version