alexa Dioxin stimulates synthesis and secretion of IgE-dependent histamine-releasing factor.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Oikawa K, Ohbayashi T, Mimura J, FujiiKuriyama Y, Teshima S,

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Abstract 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD; dioxin) is the most toxic man-made member of the class of environmental pollutants represented by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans. TCDD produces a wide variety of toxic effects. However, the downstream genes targeted by TCDD and their relation to the diversity of dioxin toxicity symptoms are poorly understood. To identify the target genes of TCDD, we used a cDNA representational difference analysis (RDA) to compare the mRNA patterns of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells that had and had not been exposed to TCDD. Here we show that TCDD stimulated the expression of IgE-dependent histamine-releasing factor (HRF) mRNA via an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent pathway. TCDD also induced the synthesis and secretion of HRF. To our knowledge, this is the first example of HRF being a direct transcriptional target of a toxic agent. HRF has previously been shown to induce histamine release in a dose-dependent manner, at least in vitro. Thus, our data suggest that "endocrine-disrupting" agents may have the potential to influence allergic disorders in the human body. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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