Author(s): Owerbach D, Crawford YM, Draznin MB
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Abstract Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the leading cause of impaired cortisol synthesis in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We have studied the structure of the CYP21B gene in 30 unrelated CAH patients using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to differentiate the active CYP21B gene from its highly related CYP21A pseudogene. The PCR approach obviates the need to distinguish the CYP21A and CYP21B genes by restriction endonuclease digestion and electrophoresis before analysis with labeled probes. Furthermore, direct nucleotide sequence analysis of CYP21B genes is demonstrated on the PCR-amplified DNA. Gene deletion of CYP21B, gene conversion of the entire CYP21B gene to CYP21A, frame shift mutations in exon 3, an intron 2 mutation that causes abnormal RNA splicing, and a mutation leading to a stop codon in exon 8 appear to be the major abnormalities of the CYP21B gene in our patients. These mutations appear to account for 21-hydroxylase deficiency in 22 of 26 of our salt-wasting CAH patients.
This article was published in Mol Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine