Author(s): Surez P, Zardoya R, Prieto C, Solana A, Tabars E,
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Abstract A method for direct detection of the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus was developed, based on reverse transcription of the viral RNA coupled to DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction. A set of primers was designed from Lelystad virus sequence within ORF 7 encoding nucleocapsid protein. From seven Spanish field isolated strains the 312 bp amplified fragment was cloned and sequenced. Alignment with Lelystad virus sequence revealed a 96-97\% homology. A maximum sensitivity of 6.7 TCID50 was achieved with the reported procedure in experimentally infected swine alveolar macrophages cultures. The sensitivity obtained in crude clinical samples from experimentally infected 3-weeks old pigs was approximately 10(2) TCID50. High specificity for the PRRS virus was demonstrated for the method, as none of the seven common swine virus assayed rendered DNA amplification product.
This article was published in Arch Virol
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology