Author(s): Jahns R, Boivin V, Hein L, Triebel S, Angermann CE,
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Abstract Today, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) represents the main cause of severe heart failure and disability in younger adults and thus is a challenge for public health. About 30\% of DCM cases are genetic in origin; however, the large majority of cases are sporadic, and a viral or immune pathogenesis is suspected. Following the established postulates for pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, here we provide direct evidence that an autoimmune attack directed against the cardiac beta(1)-adrenergic receptor may play a causal role in DCM. First, we immunized inbred rats against the second extracellular beta(1)-receptor loop (beta(1)-EC(II); 100\% sequence identity between human and rat) every month. All these rats developed first, receptor-stimulating anti-beta(1)-EC(II) Ab's and then, after 9 months, progressive severe left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction. Second, we transferred sera from anti-beta(1)-EC(II)-positive and Ab-negative animals every month to healthy rats of the same strain. Strikingly, all anti-beta(1)-EC(II)-transferred rats also developed a similar cardiomyopathic phenotype within a similar time frame, underlining the pathogenic potential of these receptor Ab's. As a consequence, beta(1)-adrenergic receptor-targeted autoimmune DCM should now be categorized with other known receptor Ab-mediated autoimmune diseases, such as Graves disease or myasthenia gravis. Although carried out in an experimental animal model, our findings should further encourage the development of therapeutic strategies that combat harmful anti-beta(1)-EC(II) in receptor Ab-positive DCM patients.
This article was published in J Clin Invest
and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access