alexa Direct immersion-solid phase microextraction for the determination of chlorinated pesticide residues in tomatoes by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector.


Chemical Sciences Journal

Author(s): Mariani MB, Giannetti V, Testani E, Ceccarelli V

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Abstract The use of pesticides in agriculture has grown dramatically over the last decades. Environmental exposure of humans to agrochemicals is common and results in both acute and chronic health effects. In this study, direct immersion-solid phase microextraction (SPME) was coupled with electron capture detection for trace determination of 19 chlorinated pesticides in tomato samples, using a 100 pm polydimethylsiloxane fiber. The experimental parameters extraction time, extraction temperature, stirring, and salting out were evaluated and optimized. The LODs ranged from 0.5 to 8 microg/kg, and the LOQs from 5 to 30 microg/kg. A linear response was confirmed by correlation coefficients ranging from 0.97 to 0.9985. The developed method was tested by analyzing real samples purchased within the network of Italian distribution. The samples were found to be free from detectable residues of the studied pesticides. SPME has been shown to be a fast extraction technique that has several advantages such as solvent-free extraction, simplicity, and compatibility with the chromatographic analytical system.
This article was published in J AOAC Int and referenced in Chemical Sciences Journal

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