alexa Direct modulation by estradiol of the response of human bone cells (SaOS-2) to human parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

Author(s): Fukayama S, Tashjian AH Jr

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Abstract We have investigated the actions of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on the production of cAMP stimulated by synthetic human PTH [hPTH-(1-34)], synthetic hPTH-related protein [hPTHrP-(1-34)], and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in human (SaOS-2) and rat (ROS 17/2.8) osteoblast-like osteosarcoma cells. In SaOS-2 cells, hPTH-(1-34) (2.5 nM), hPTHrP-(1-34) (2.5 nM), and VIP (10-100 nM) stimulated the accumulation of cAMP markedly (greater than 20- to 30-fold in 1 h). Cells were preincubated in serum-free medium for 4-24 h, then in the absence or presence of E2 for 4 h before a 1-h stimulation with peptide hormone in the absence of E2. In SaOS-2 cells, pretreatment with E2 (10(-12)-10(-8) M) for 4 h inhibited by up to 50\% the accumulation of cAMP stimulated by hPTH-(1-34) or hPTHrP-(1-34), but E2 had no inhibitory effect on VIP action. 17 alpha-Estradiol had no inhibitory action on hPTH- or hPTHrP-stimulated accumulation of cAMP at concentrations as high as 10(-8) M. Additional evidence against a nonspecific effect of E2 was the total lack of inhibition of cAMP accumulation stimulated by hPTH-(1-34) or hPTHrP-(1-34) in ROS 17/2.8 cells at concentrations of E2 up to 10(-6) M. We conclude that E2 can act directly and rapidly in human osteoblast-like cells to modulate selectively the ability of hPTH and hPTHrP to enhance the production of cAMP. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity

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