Author(s): Deng L, Sun N, Kitova EN, Klassen JS
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Abstract The application of the direct electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ES-MS) assay for quantifying the stoichiometry and absolute affinity of protein-metal ion binding in vitro is described. Control ES-MS experiments performed on solutions containing calcium chloride or calcium acetate and a pair of proteins that do not bind calcium ions in solution revealed that the nonspecific association of metal ions to proteins during ES is a random process, independent of protein size and structure. These results establish the reliability of the reference protein method for quantitatively correcting ES mass spectra for the occurrence of nonspecific metal ion binding to proteins during ES-MS analysis. To demonstrate the utility of the direct ES-MS assay, when carried out using the reference protein method, the calcium binding stoichiometry of bovine alpha-lactalbumin and the calcium ion affinity of bovine beta-lactoglobulin were established.
This article was published in Anal Chem
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques