Author(s): van Dijken JW
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an 11-year assessment of direct resin composite inlays/onlays. METHODS: One-hundred Class II direct resin composite inlays and 34 direct resin composite restorations were placed in 40 patients. The restorations were evaluated clinically, according to modified USPHS criteria, annually over a 11-year period. RESULTS: Of the 96 inlays/onlays and 33 direct restorations evaluated at 11 years, 17. 7\% in the inlay/onlay group and 27.3\% in the direct restorations group were assessed as unacceptable. The differences in longevity were not statistically significant. The main reasons for failure for the inlays/onlays and direct restorations were fracture (8.3 and 12. 1\%, respectively), occlusal wear in contact areas (4.2 and 6.1\%, respectively) and secondary caries (4.2 and 9.1\%, respectively). Eight of the non-acceptable inlays/onlays and five of the direct restorations were replaced, while the other ones were repaired with resin composite. Unacceptable wear was observed in occlusal contact areas of six restorations, in patients who were severe bruxers. For the other restorations occlusal wear was not found to be a clinical problem and no difference was observed between the inlays/onlays and direct composite restorations. The marginal adaptation of the inlays/onlays was still good at the end of the study. Ditching was only observed in a few inlays. A higher failure rate was observed in molar teeth than in premolar teeth. CONCLUSIONS: Good durability was observed for the direct resin composite inlay/onlay technique. Excellent marginal adaptation and low frequency of secondary caries in patients with high caries risk were shown. No apparent improvement of mechanical properties was obtained by the secondary heat treatment of the inlays. Also, the difference in failure rate between the resin composite direct technique and the inlay technique was not large, indicating that the more time-consuming and expensive inlay technique may not be justified. The direct inlay/onlay technique is recommended to be used in Class II cavities of high caries risk patients with cervical marginal placed in dentin.
This article was published in J Dent
and referenced in Dentistry