alexa Directing osteogenic and myogenic differentiation of MSCs: interplay of stiffness and adhesive ligand presentation.
Engineering

Engineering

Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Author(s): Rowlands AS, George PA, CooperWhite JJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) can exert significant influence in determining cell fate. Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) grown on substrates with varying stiffness have been shown to express various cell lineage markers, without the use of toxic DNA demethylation agents or complex cocktails of expensive growth factors. Here we investigated the myogenic and osteogenic potential of various polyacrylamide gel substrates that were coated with covalently bound tissue-specific ECM proteins (collagen I, collagen IV, laminin, or fibronectin). The gel-protein substrates were shown to support the growth and proliferation of MSCs in a stiffness-dependent manner. Higher stiffness substrates encouraged up to a 10-fold increase in cell number over lower stiffness gels. There appears to be definitive interplay between substrate stiffness and ECM protein with regard to the expression of both osteogenic and myogenic transcription factors by MSCs. Of the 16 gel-protein combinations investigated, osteogenic differentiation was found to occur significantly only on collagen I-coated gels with the highest modulus gel tested (80 kPa). Myogenic differentiation occurred on all gel-protein combinations that had stiffnesses >9 kPa but to varying extents as ascertained by MyoD1 expression. Peak MyoD1 expression was seen on gels with a modulus of 25 kPa coated in fibronectin, with similar levels of expression observed on 80-kPa collagen I-coated gels. The modulation of myogenic and osteogenic transcription factors by various ECM proteins demonstrates that substrate stiffness alone does not direct stem cell lineage specification. This has important implications in the development of tailored biomaterial systems that more closely mimic the microenvironment found in native tissues. This article was published in Am J Physiol Cell Physiol and referenced in Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords