alexa Disability and co-morbidity in relation to frailty: how much do they overlap?
Medicine

Medicine

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Author(s): Theou O, Rockwood MR, Mitnitski A, Rockwood K

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the association of disability and co-morbidity with frailty in older adults. 2305 participants aged 65+ from the second wave of the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA), a prospective population-based cohort study, comprised the study sample. Following a standard procedure, two different frailty index (FI) measures were constructed from 37 deficits by dividing the recorded deficits by the total number of measures. One version excluded disability and co-morbidity items, the other included them. Time to death was measured for up to five years. Frailty was defined using either the frailty phenotype or a cut-point applied to each FI. Of people defined as frail using the frailty phenotype, 15/416 (3.6\%) experienced neither disability nor co-morbidity. Using 0.25 as the cut-point score for the FI (without disability/co-morbidity) resulted in 101/1176 (8.6\%) frail participants that had neither disability nor co-morbidity. Activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and co-morbidities occurred more often among people with the highest levels of frailty. The first ADLs to become impaired with increasing frailty were bathing, managing medication, and cooking with more than 25\% of older adults with a FI score (without disability/co-morbidity) >0.22 experiencing dependency on them. The hazard ratio (HR) per 0.1 increase in FI score was 1.25 (95\% CI: 1.20-1.30) when disability and co-morbidity were included in the index and 1.21 (1.16-1.25) when they were not included. In conclusion, disability and co-morbidity greatly overlap with other deficits that might be used to define frailty and add to their ability to predict mortality. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Arch Gerontol Geriatr and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords