Author(s): Mitra S, Sambamoorthi U
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: We estimated disability prevalence among adults at global, regional and country levels using internationally comparable disability data and measure. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from the World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004) for nationally representative samples of civilian, non-institutionalized populations in 54 countries. A disability was measured as having at least one severe or extreme difficulty with bodily functions (seeing, concentrating) and activities (moving around, self-care) based on an individual's self-reports. RESULTS: In the 54 countries under study, severe or extreme functional or activity difficulties are highly prevalent. For all countries, disability prevalence is estimated at 14\% for all adults. Low and middle income countries have higher disability prevalence compared to high income countries. Among subgroups, disability prevalence stands at 12\% among working age adults and 39\% among the elderly. Women have higher prevalence than men. CONCLUSIONS: Disability is found to be highly prevalent among adults, with an estimated global prevalence at 14\%. Disability deserves enhanced policy attention and resources in public health and international development.
This article was published in Disabil Rehabil
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research