alexa Discontinuous plus-strand DNA synthesis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected cells and in a partially reconstituted cell-free system.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Klarmann GJ, Yu H, Chen X, Dougherty JP, Preston BD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication requires conversion of viral RNA to double-stranded DNA. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of this process, we examined viral DNA synthesis in a simple cell-free system that uses the activities of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase to convert regions of single-stranded HIV-1 RNA to double-stranded DNA in a single incubation. This system recapitulated several of the required intermediate steps of viral DNA synthesis: RNA-templated minus-strand polymerization, preferential plus-strand initiation at the central and 3' HIV-1 polypurine tracts, and DNA-templated plus-strand polymerization. Secondary sites of plus-strand initiation were also observed at low frequency both in the cell-free system and in cultured virus. Direct comparison of viral and cell-free products revealed differences in the precision and selectivity of plus-strand initiation, suggesting that the cell-free system lacks one or more essential replication components. These studies provide clues about mechanisms of plus-strand initiation and serve as a starting point for the development of more complex multicomponent cell-free systems.
This article was published in J Virol and referenced in Virology & Mycology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords