alexa Disparate effects of Ca channel blockade on afferent and efferent arteriolar responses to ANG II.


Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Carmines PK, Navar LG

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Abstract Previous reports have suggested that organic calcium antagonists only partially inhibit the renal hemodynamic actions of angiotensin II (ANG II). This study tested the hypothesis that the calcium antagonist-sensitive component of ANG II-induced vasoconstriction is localized at a preglomerular site. Videomicroscopic measurements of vascular dimension were performed on in vitro blood-perfused juxtamedullary nephrons from captopril-treated rats. Under control conditions, afferent and efferent arteriolar diameters averaged 23.0 +/- 1.6 and 21.2 +/- 2.2 microns, respectively. Topical application of 0.1 nM ANG II decreased the diameters of afferent (-17 +/- 2\%) and efferent (-15 +/- 3\%) arterioles. Both 50 microM verapamil and 10 microM diltiazem dilated afferent arterioles. Verapamil also elicited a modest efferent vasodilation. In the presence of either verapamil or diltiazem, the effect of ANG II to decrease efferent diameter was sustained (-15 +/- 4\%); however, the effect of ANG II on afferent diameter was abolished (-1 +/- 1\%). These observations document differential influences of calcium channel blockers on ANG II-mediated vasoconstriction and suggest that the pre- and postglomerular vasoconstrictor actions of ANG II may occur through different calcium entry or mobilization mechanisms.
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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