Author(s): Flynn JM, Wong KL, Yeh GL, Meyer JS, Davidson RS
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Abstract Fractures of the hip in children have been associated with a very high rate of serious complications including avascular necrosis (up to 47\%) and coxa vara (up to 32\%). Over a period of 20 years, we have treated displaced fractures by early anatomical reduction, internal fixation and immobilisation in a spica cast to try to reduce these complications. We have reviewed 18 patients who had a displaced non-pathological fracture of the hip when under 16 years of age. Their mean age at the time of the injury was eight years (2 to 13). They returned for examination and radiography at a mean follow-up of eight years (2 to 17). Each patient had been treated by early (" 24 hours) closed or open reduction with internal fixation and 16 had immobilisation in a spica cast. By Delbet's classification, there was one type-I, eight type-II, eight type-III, and one type-IV fractures. There were no complications in 15 patients. Avascular necrosis occurred in one patient (type-III), nonunion in one (type-II, one of the two patients who did not have a cast) and premature physeal closure in one (type-I). There were no cases of infection or complications as a result of the cast. Our treatment of displaced hip fractures in children by early reduction, internal fixation, and immobilisation in a spica cast gave reduced rates of complications compared with that of large published series in the literature.
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment