alexa Disposition of cyclosporine in several animal species and man. I. Structural elucidation of its metabolites.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Maurer G, Loosli HR, Schreier E, Keller B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nine ether-extractable metabolites of cyclosporine were isolated from urine of dog and man and from rat bile and feces and purified by preparative HPLC and TLC. Structural assignments were mainly based on spectroscopic data (1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS) and the results of the amino acid analysis after hydrolysis with hydrochloric acid. All the identified metabolites retained the intact cyclic oligopeptide structure of the parent drug. Structural modifications originated from enzymatic oxidation at specific sites of the peptide subunits. Transformation processes principally involved hydroxylation at the terminal carbon atom (eta-position) of the C9-amino acid 1 and the gamma-position of the N-methylleucines 4, 6, and 9, as well as N-demethylation of the N-methylleucine 4. Regioisomeric monohydroxylated cyclosporines (metabolites 1, and 17) and N-demethylcyclosporine (metabolite 21) were the primary metabolites resulting from hydroxylation of the C9-amino-acid 1 and the N-methylleucine 9, and from N-demethylation of the N-methylleucine 4. Dihydroxylated derivatives of cyclosporine (metabolites 8, 10, and 16) were generated by further oxidation of metabolite 1 on one of the other N-methylleucines (4 or 6) or on the C9-amino acid 1, or of metabolite 17 on the N-methylleucine 9. More extensive modifications were observed for metabolite 9, a dihydroxy-N-demethylcyclosporine, which could have been formed from the dihydroxy derivative 16 by N-demethylation or from the N-demethylcyclosporine 21 by dihydroxylation. Metabolite 18 differed from 17 (monohydroxycyclosporine) by the presence of a cyclic ether moiety, formally derived by intramolecular addition of the beta-hydroxyl group to the double bond of the C9-amino acid 1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords