alexa Disposition of flavonoids via enteric recycling: enzyme-transporter coupling affects metabolism of biochanin A and formononetin and excretion of their phase II conjugates.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Jia X, Chen J, Lin H, Hu M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The purpose of this study was to continue our effort to determine how enzyme-transporter coupling affect disposition of flavonoids. The rat intestinal perfusion and Caco-2 cell models were used together with relevant microsomes. In perfusion model, isoflavone (i.e., formononetin and biochanin A) absorption and subsequent excretion of its metabolites were always site-dependent. Maximal amounts of intestinal and biliary conjugates excreted per 30 min were 31 and 51 nmol for formononetin, more than that for pure biochanin A (12 and 20 nmol). When a standardized red clover extract (biochanin A/formononetin = 10:7) was used, the results indicated that more metabolites of biochanin A than formononetin were found in the perfusate (36.9 versus 22.8 nmol) and bile (78 versus 51 nmol). In metabolism studies, rat intestinal and liver microsomes always glucuronidated biochanin A faster (p < 0.05) than formononetin, whereas intestinal microsomes glucuronidated both isoflavones faster (p < 0.05) than liver microsomes. However, rapid metabolism in the microsomes did not translate into more efficient excretion in either the rat perfusion model as shown previously or in the Caco-2 model. In the Caco-2 model, both isoflavones were rapidly absorbed, efficiently conjugated, and the conjugates excreted apically and basolaterally. More formononetin conjugates were excreted than biochanin A when used alone, but much more biochanin A conjugates were found when using the isoflavone mixture. In conclusion, efficiency of enzyme-transporter coupling controls the amounts of metabolites excreted by the intestine and liver and determines the relative contribution of enteric and enterohepatic recycling to the in vivo disposition of isoflavones. This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords