alexa Dissection of complex protein dynamics in human thioredoxin
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Author(s): Qiu W, Wang L, Lu W, Boechler A, Sanders DAR

Abstract Share this page

We report our direct study of complex protein dynamics in human thioredoxin by dissecting into elementary processes and determining their relevant time scales. By combining site-directed mutagenesis with femtosecond spectroscopy, we have distinguished four partly time-overlapped dynamical processes at the active site of thioredoxin. Using intrinsic tryptophan as a molecular probe and from mutation studies, we ascertained the negligible contribution to solvation by protein sidechains and observed that the hydration dynamics at the active site occur in 0.47–0.67 and 10.8–13.2 ps. With reduced and oxidized states, we determined the electron-transfer quenching dynamics between excited tryptophan and a nearby disulfide bond in 10–17.5 ps for three mutants. A robust dynamical process in 95–114 ps, present in both redox states and all mutants regardless of neighboring charged, polar, and hydrophobic residues around the probe, is attributed to the charge transfer reaction with its adjacent peptide bond. Site-directed mutations also revealed the electronic quenching dynamics by an aspartate residue at a hydrogen bond distance in 275–615 ps. The local rotational dynamics determined by the measurement of anisotropy changes with time unraveled a relatively rigid local configuration but implies that the protein fluctuates on the time scale of longer than nanoseconds. These results elucidate the temporal evolution of hydrating water motions, electron-transfer reactions, and local protein fluctuations at the active site, and show continuously synergistic dynamics of biological function over wide time scales.
  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Proc NatlAcad Sci USA and referenced in Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version