Author(s): Nikolic B, Onoe T, Takeuchi Y, Khalpey Z, Primo V,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Mixed hematopoietic chimerism is associated with islet allograft tolerance and may reverse autoimmunity. We developed low intensity regimens for the induction of mixed chimerism and examined the effects on autoimmunity in prediabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: NOD mice received various combinations of total body irradiation, anti-CD154, anti-CD8alpha, anti-CD4, and anti-Thy1.2 monoclonal antibodies, with or without transplantation of C57BL/6 bone marrow cells and were followed up for development of diabetes, chimerism, and donor skin graft survival. Autoimmunity was assessed by histologic examination of salivary glands and pancreata. RESULTS: Although conditioning alone prevented or delayed the onset of diabetes, stable mixed chimerism was required for the reversal of isletitis. Mixed chimerism and skin graft tolerance were achieved in NOD mice receiving anti-CD154 with bone marrow transplantation as the means of tolerizing peripheral CD4 T cells to alloantigens. However, isletitis was not reversed in allotolerant mixed chimeras prepared with this regimen. CONCLUSIONS: Partial depletion of peripheral autoreactive NOD CD4 T cells is needed to achieve full reversal of isletitis by mixed chimerism induction from a protective donor strain, but it is not required for induction of specific tolerance to donor alloantigens. Thus, the requirements for tolerizing alloreactive and autoreactive NOD CD4 cells are distinct.
This article was published in Transplantation
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology