alexa Distinct time courses of increase in cytochromes P450 1A2, 2A5 and glutathione S-transferases during the progressive hepatitis associated with Helicobacter hepaticus.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Chomarat P, Sipowicz MA, Diwan BA, Fornwald LW, Awasthi YC,

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Abstract Mice naturally infected by Helicobacter hepaticus develop a chronic active hepatitis leading to hepatocellular carcinoma. This mouse model of liver cancer was used to examine the impact of bacterial infection on the hepatic expression and activity of enzymes involved in carcinogen bioactivation (phase I enzymes) and detoxification (phase II enzymes). No major differences in total cytochrome P450 (CYP) content were found between control and infected mice during the course of the study. The most striking modulations of individual isoenzymes were the increases in immunohistochemical staining observed for CYP1A and CYP2A5 in relation to increasing age and liver lesions. The increase in CYP2A5 in mice aged over 12 months was confirmed by the observed increases in coumarin 7-hydroxylation (CYP2A5 substrate) in vitro and CYP2A5 mRNA levels by Northern blot analysis. Immunoblotting confirmed the specific induction of CYP1A2 in infected mice 12 and 18 months of age. Perfusion of liver with nitroblue tetrazolium, an indicator for superoxide formation, demonstrated that in livers of infected mice, hepatocytes often co-expressed CYP2A5 and formazan deposition. Concerning phase II enzymes, an enhancement of glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities, related to the disease process, was observed in infected mice. An age-specific increase of GSTpi and A4.4 (early stage of disease) and GST YaYa (>9 months) expression was also demonstrated by immunohistochemical staining. In contrast, catalase and glutathione-peroxidase activities, as well as reduced glutathione content were decreased in the early stages of disease (3-9 months) in infected mice compared to age-matched control mice. Overall, these results suggest that alterations in CYP and GST expression may contribute to the aetiology of tumour incidence due to H. hepaticus infection via production of reactive oxygen species.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

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