Author(s): Kashiwagi M
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Plaque rupture and secondary thrombus formation play key roles in the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Plaques showing the napkin-ring sign in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) have been reported as thin-cap fibroatheroma that is recognized as a precursor lesion for plaque rupture. The purpose of this study was to investigate distribution and frequency of napkin-ring sign and its relationship to features indicating coronary plaque vulnerability on MDCT in patients with coronary artery disease.
We enrolled 273 patients with ACS (n=61) or stable angina pectoris (SAP, n=212) who were assessed by MDCT. The definition of the napkin-ring sign was the presence of a ring of high attenuation and the CT attenuation of a ring presenting higher than those of the adjacent plaque and no greater than 130HU.
The culprit plaques with the napkin-ring sign show higher remodeling index and lower CT attenuation (1.15±0.12 vs. 1.02±0.12, p<0.01 and 39.9±22.8 vs. 72.7±26.6, p<0.01, respectively). Napkin-ring sign at culprit lesions was more frequent in patients with ACS than those with SAP (49.0% vs. 11.2%, p<0.01). Moreover, napkin-ring sign at non-culprit lesions was more frequently observed in ACS patients compared with SAP patients (12.7% vs. 2.8%, p<0.01). The distribution of the napkin-ring sign in the right coronary arteries and left circumflex arteries of our population was relatively even, whereas the napkin-ring sign in the left anterior descending artery was common in the proximal sites (p<0.01).
The napkin-ring sign assessed by MDCT represents similar clinical features of fibroatheroma. MDCT could contribute to the search for fibroatheroma.
This article was published in J Cardiol
and referenced in Angiology: Open Access