alexa Distribution of the 5-hydroxytryptamine2C receptor protein in adult rat brain and spinal cord determined using a receptor-directed antibody: effect of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Sharma A, Punhani T, Fone KC

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Abstract A synthetic peptide, corresponding to the N-terminal decapeptide (+Y11C12) of the rat 5-hydroxytryptamine2C (5-HT2C) receptor protein was used to produce a sheep polyclonal antiserum. Western blot analysis showed that the resultant antibody G241 recognised two membrane proteins, one (55 kDa) approximating the molecular mass of the 5-HT2C receptor (52 kDa) and a second (63 kDa), which may be a glycosylated form of the receptor protein. HEK 293 cells transfected with human 5-HT2C cDNA displayed intense cell surface immunoreactivity with the 5-HT2C antiserum, which was completely prevented by incubating the antibody with the synthetic 5-HT2C peptide (10 microM), whilst neither non-immune serum nor untransfected cells displayed any immunoreactivity. A radioimmunoassay was developed to quantify the regional distribution of 5-HT2C-like immunoreactivity (LI) in the adult rat brain. The choroid plexus contained five-fold higher levels of 5-HT2C-LI than any brain region but high levels were found in the frontal cortex, septum, hypothalamus, and striatum, intermediate levels in the thalamus and midbrain, and lower levels in brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. In rat cortical membranes, the B(max) value from [3H]-mesulergine binding was ten-fold lower than 5-HT2C-LI levels determined by radioimmunoassay, which may reflect measurement of internalised receptor protein by radioimmunoassay which is not detected with conventional 5-HT2C ligands. Ten days after depletion of 5-HT with the serotonergic neurotoxin 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT), there was a significant increase in 5-HT2C-LI in the choroid plexus and the ventral cervical spinal cord, suggesting that receptors therein are located post-synaptic to destroyed serotonergic nerve terminals. In contrast, the significant reduction in 5-HT2C-LI observed in the midbrain, brainstem, and dorsal thoracic spinal cord following 5,7-DHT implies that 5-HT2C receptors may be located on 5-HT nerve terminals in these regions. This article was published in Synapse and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

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