alexa Disturbed mineral metabolism is associated with muscle and skin complaints in a prospective cohort of dialysis patients.


General Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Noordzij M, Boeschoten EW, Bos WJ, Dekker FW, Bossuyt PM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Disturbed mineral metabolism is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, however, its influence on physical symptoms is less clear. We explored the effects of disordered plasma calcium, phosphorus, calcium-phosphorus (Ca x P) product and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations according to the K/DOQI guideline for bone metabolism and disease on the risk of muscle and skin complaints in dialysis patients. METHODS: As part of NECOSAD, a prospective multicentre study in the Netherlands, we included 1469 consecutive patients who started haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis between 1997 and 2004. Muscle pain, cramps and itching (pruritus) and dry (xerosis) skin were repeatedly measured using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) for the risk of complaints over time were calculated by generalized estimating equations (GEE) models. RESULTS: Mean age was 59 +/- 15 years, 61\% of the patients were male and 63\% were on haemodialysis. At baseline >65\% of the patients had muscle and skin complaints. Compared with patients who met the target, the risk of muscle pain was increased in patients with hyperphosphataemia [OR: 1.2; 95\% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-1.5] iPTH concentrations below the target range were associated with lower risk of cramps (OR 0.8, 95\%CI: 0.6-0.9). The risk of pruritus was increased in patients with severely elevated plasma calcium (OR 1.4; 95\%CI: 1.1-1.7), phosphorus (OR 1.4; 95\%CI: 1.1-1.7) and Ca x P product levels (OR 1.6; 95\%CI: 1.3-2.0). Finally, increased plasma calcium concentrations were associated with an elevated risk of xerosis (OR 1.4; 95\%CI: 1.1-1.9). CONCLUSIONS: Disturbed mineral metabolism according to the K/DOQI guideline is associated with more muscle and skin complaints in dialysis patients. These findings emphasize the importance of keeping mineral metabolism in dialysis patients in tight control. This article was published in Nephrol Dial Transplant and referenced in General Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version