Author(s): Behar SM, Podrebarac TA, Roy CJ, Wang CR, Brenner MB
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Abstract Human and murine T cells that specifically recognize CD1d and produce IL-4 and IFN-gamma play a role in immunoregulation and tumor rejection. In the mouse, most CD1d1-reactive T cells described express an invariant Valpha14-Jalpha281 TCR associated with TCR beta-chains of limited diversity. Similarly, human CD1d-reactive T cells express a highly restricted TCR repertoire. Here we report the unexpected result that in mice immunized with CD1d1-bearing transfectant cells, a diverse repertoire of TCRs was expressed by CD1d1-reactive T cell clones isolated by limiting dilution without preselection for NK1 expression. Only 3 of 10 CD1d1-reactive T cell clones expressed the invariant Valpha14-Jalpha281 TCRalpha rearrangement. T cells expressing Valpha10, -11, -15, and -17, and having non-germline-encoded nucleotides resulting in diverse V-J junctions were identified. Like CD1d1-reactive T cells expressing the invariant Valpha14-Jalpha281 TCR alpha-chain, CD1d1-reactive clones with diverse TCRs produced both Type 1 (IFN-y) and Type 2 (IL-4, IL-10) cytokines. This establishes the existence of significant diversity in the TCRs directly reactive to the CD1d1 protein. Our findings reveal that CD1d interacts with a broad array of TCRs, suggesting substantial redundancy and flexibility of the immune system in providing T cells serving the role(s) mediated by CD1d reactivity.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology