Author(s): Gofrit ON, Benjamin S, Halachmi S, Leibovitch I, Dotan Z,
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Abstract PURPOSE: H19 is a paternally imprinted oncofetal gene expressed in various embryonic tissues and in 85\% of bladder tumors but suppressed in the adult healthy bladder. BC-819 is a DNA plasmid that carries the gene for diphtheria toxin-A under regulation of the H19 promoter sequence. We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of intravesical BC-819 instillations to prevent tumor recurrence and ablate a marker lesion in a phase 2b trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients with recurrent, multiple nonmuscle invasive bladder tumors in whom prior intravesical therapy had failed underwent transurethral resection of all except 1 marker tumor. Patients expressing H19 received a 6-week induction course of intravesical BC-819. Patients who achieved a complete response (absent new tumors at 3 months) were given 3 maintenance courses of 3-weekly instillations every 3 months. RESULTS: All patients were evaluable for adverse effects and 39 were evaluable for efficacy. Complete tumor ablation was achieved in 33\% of patients and in 64\% there were no new tumors at 3 months. Median time to recurrence was 11.3 months in all cases but significantly longer (22.1 months) when analyzed by response status at 3 months. Adverse events were mild. The study was limited by the small number of patients. CONCLUSIONS: BC-819 prevented new tumor growth in two-thirds of the patients and ablated a third of the marker lesions. Prolonged time to recurrence was observed in responding patients. These results along with the good safety profile make BC-819 a potential medication for bladder cancer. Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Urol
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy