alexa DNA binding-independent induction of IkappaBalpha gene transcription by PPARalpha.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Delerive P, De Bosscher K, Vanden Berghe W, Fruchart JC, Haegeman G,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PPARs are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate energy homeostasis. In addition, PPARs furthermore control the inflammatory response by antagonizing the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway. We recently demonstrated that PPARalpha activators increase IkappaBalpha mRNA and protein levels in human aortic smooth muscle cells. Here, we studied the molecular mechanisms by which PPARalpha controls IkappaBalpha expression. Using transient transfection assays, it is demonstrated that PPARalpha potentiates p65-stimulated IkappaBalpha transcription in a ligand-dependent manner. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments revealed that PPARalpha activation of IkappaBalpha transcription requires the NF-kappaB and Sp1 sites within IkappaBalpha promoter. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrate that PPARalpha activation enhances the occupancy of the NF-kappaB response element in IkappaBalpha promoter in vivo. Overexpression of the oncoprotein E1A failed to inhibit PPARalpha-mediated IkappaBalpha promoter induction, suggesting that cAMP response element binding protein-binding protein/p300 is not involved in this mechanism. By contrast, a dominant-negative form of VDR-interacting protein 205 (DRIP205) comprising its two LXXLL motifs completely abolished PPARalpha ligand-mediated activation. Furthermore, cotransfection of increasing amounts of DRIP205 relieved this inhibition, suggesting that PPARalpha requires DRIP205 to regulate IkappaBalpha promoter activity. By contrast, DRIP205 is not involved in PPARalpha-mediated NF-kappaB transcriptional repression. Taken together, these data provide a molecular basis for PPARalpha-mediated induction of IkappaBalpha and demonstrate, for the first time, that PPARalpha may positively regulate gene transcription in the absence of functional PPAR response elements. This article was published in Mol Endocrinol and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords