Author(s): St Clair S, Giono L, VarmehZiaie S, ResnickSilverman L, Liu WJ,
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Abstract The Cdc25C phosphatase mediates cellular entry into mitosis. The cdc25C gene is a target for transcriptional downregulation by the tumor suppressor protein p53, and this repression can be shown to contribute to p53-dependent cell cycle arrest. Two independent mechanisms have been identified. One involves the direct binding of p53 to a site in the cdc25C promoter, and the second involves a CDE/CHR element. Both of these mediate p53-dependent repression at levels of p53 comparable to those produced by DNA damage. Three CCAAT elements in the cdc25C promoter that were previously implicated in p53-dependent repression fail to do so at physiologically relevant levels of p53. Repression of Cdc25C by p53 represents an additional mechanism for p53-dependent cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage. Importantly, this is a clear demonstration of p53-mediated transcriptional downregulation that is dependent on sequence-specific DNA binding by p53.
This article was published in Mol Cell
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology