alexa DNA methylation-based forensic tissue identification.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Frumkin D, Wasserstrom A, Budowle B, Davidson A, Frumkin D, Wasserstrom A, Budowle B, Davidson A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Identifying the source tissue of biological material found at crime scenes can be very informative in a number of cases. Despite their usefulness, current visual, catalytic, enzymatic, and immunologic tests for presumptive and confirmatory tissue identification are applicable only to a subset of samples, might suffer limitations such as low specificity, lack of sensitivity, and are substantially impacted by environmental insults. Moreover these assays are incompatible and thus cannot be multiplexed. Thus they are less amenable to automation. In addition their results are operator-dependent. A better alternative approach is tissue identification based on messenger RNA (mRNA) or microRNA (miRNA); however, RNA is not as stable as DNA, and requires the use of non-standard procedures by forensic laboratories. Herein a DNA-based assay is described that enables tissue identification based on detection of tissue-specific methylation patterns. DNA samples are subjected to digestion by a methylation-sensitive restriction endonuclease followed by multiplex amplification of specific genomic targets with fluorescent-labeled primers, capillary electrophoresis of amplification products, and automatic signal analysis by dedicated software, yielding the source tissue of the sample. The single tube assay was designed for easy integration by forensic laboratories (as the assay utilizes the same platforms as current forensic STR profiling). The system is fully automatable, provides operator-independent results, and allows combining tissue identification with profiling in a single procedure. The assay was tested on 50 DNA samples from blood, saliva, semen, and skin epidermis, and the source tissue was successfully identified in all cases. Detection of semen and DNA profiling were combined into one assay and the ability to detect mixtures of semen and saliva in various ratios was demonstrated. The assay correctly detected semen in all samples where it was present, and the calculated percentage of semen was comparable to the fraction of semen in the samples. The results demonstrate that methylation-based tissue identification is more than a proof-of-concept. The methodology holds promise as another viable forensic DNA analysis tool for characterization of biological materials. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Forensic Sci Int Genet and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords