alexa DNA repair and cancer stem-like cells--potential partners in glioma drug resistance?


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Johannessen TC, Bjerkvig R, Tysnes BB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Glioblastoma is the most malignant and frequent primary brain tumour in adults. Current treatment remains insufficient as these tumours display a diffuse infiltrative growth pattern and tend to recur despite extensive debulking surgery followed by radio- and chemotherapy. The alkylating agents carmustine (1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea, or BCNU) and temozolomide (TMZ) are the drugs of choice for adjuvant glioma chemotherapy. However, several independent DNA repair mechanisms can restore the integrity of alkylated DNA bases, and thus contribute to drug resistance and subsequent therapy failure. Recent work suggests that glioblastomas develop as cellular and functional hierarchies through small subpopulations of stem cell-like cancer cells that are responsible for tumour initiation and maintenance. Such cells also appear to possess enhanced DNA repair capacity compared to other cells within the tumours. Challenges in glioblastoma therapy are to determine (1) whether the cancer stem-like cell subpopulations represent a clinically novel target for therapy, and (2) which additional treatment strategies should be applied to improve quality of life and prolong survival of glioblastoma patients. This review addresses clinically relevant mechanisms which contribute to glioma resistance towards current alkylating agent-based chemotherapy, and discusses related mechanisms and treatment strategies in the light of the cancer stem cell hypothesis. This article was published in Cancer Treat Rev and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version