Author(s): Kamachi K, Konda T, Arakawa Y
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Abstract Pertussis toxin (PT) is the major virulence factor of Bordetella pertussis, and detoxified PT is a crucial antigen of acellular pertussis vaccine. Here, plasmid DNA expressing the pertussis toxin S1 subunit (pcDNA/S1) of B. pertussis was evaluated for immunogenicity and for the ability to induce protection against PT challenge or B. pertussis infection in mice. The gene gun delivery of pcDNA/S1, performed by inserting the S1 gene into a mammalian expression vector, successfully induced anti-PT IgG antibody production. Immunization of mice with pcDNA/S1 significantly inhibited leukocytosis-promoting activity caused by PT or B. pertussis. In addition, pcDNA/S1 induced significant protection against intracerebral challenge with a lethal dose of B. pertussis. The results of the present study demonstrated that a DNA vaccine encoding the PT-S1 subunit induced protection against B. pertussis infection in mice. Thus, this vaccine preparation is potentially applicable for the production of novel vaccines against B. pertussis infection.
This article was published in Vaccine
and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination