Author(s): Buchko GW, Tung CS, McAteer K, Isern NG, Spicer LD,
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Abstract Recent NMR-based, chemical shift mapping experiments with the minimal DNA-binding domain of XPA (XPA-MBD: M98-F219) suggest that a basic cleft located in the loop-rich subdomain plays a role in DNA-binding. Here, XPA-DNA interactions are further characterized by NMR spectroscopy from the vantage point of the DNA using a single-stranded DNA nonamer, dCCAATAACC (d9). Up to 2.5 molar equivalents of XPA-MBD was titrated into a solution of d9. A subset of (31)P resonances of d9 were observed to broaden and/or shift providing direct evidence that XPA-MBD binds d9 by a mechanism that perturbs the phosphodiester backbone of d9. The interior five residues of d9 broadened and/or shifted before (31)P resonances of phosphate groups at the termini, suggesting that when d9 is bound to XPA-MBD the internal residues assume a correlation time that is characteristic of the molecular weight of the complex while the residues at the termini undergo a fraying motion away from the surface of the protein on a timescale such that the line widths are more characteristic of the molecular weight of ssDNA. A molecular model of the XPA-MBD complex with d9 was calculated based on the (15)N (XPA-MBD) and (31)P (d9) chemical shift mapping studies and on the assumption that electrostatic interactions drive the complex formation. The model shows that a nine residue DNA oligomer fully covers the DNA-binding surface of XPA and that there may be an energetic advantage to binding DNA in the 3'-->5' direction rather than in the 5'-->3' direction (relative to XPA-MBD alpha-helix-3).
This article was published in Nucleic Acids Res
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy