alexa Do smokers with alcohol problems have more difficulty quitting?


Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Hughes JR, Kalman D

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This review compares nicotine dependence and the ability to stop smoking in smokers with no alcohol problems to smokers with current, past or lifetime (i.e., either current or past) alcohol problems. We searched computerized databases, meeting abstracts and made requests to listserves and grantees for comparisons of the above categories. We could not use meta-analyses and, thus, used consistency across studies to make conclusions. We located 17 articles on nicotine dependence, 12 on the ability to quit on a given attempt, 7 on lifetime quitting and 2 on quit attempts. Smokers with current and past alcohol problems were more nicotine dependent than smokers with no alcohol problems. Surprisingly, smokers with past problems were as able to quit on a given attempt as smokers with no problems. We hypothesize this may be because such smokers learned skills in resolving their alcohol problems that neutralized their increased nicotine dependence. Smokers with current or past alcohol problems appear to be less likely to quit in their lifetime. Given their equal ability to quit on a given attempt, this could be due to fewer quit attempts; however, whether this is actually so is unclear. Our results that smokers with past alcohol problems can quit as easily as those without alcohol problems suggest that smokers with past alcohol problems may respond to minimal treatments for smoking cessation. This article was published in Drug Alcohol Depend and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version