alexa Does antenatal care facilitate utilization of emergency obstetric care? A case-referent study of near-miss morbidity in Bolivia.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Gynecology & Obstetrics

Author(s): Rst M, Liljestrand JM, Essn B

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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether lack of routine antenatal care (ANC) is associated with near-miss morbidity upon arrival at hospital. DESIGN: Case-referent study. SETTING: Four maternity hospitals in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia, where free maternal health care is provided through a government subsidized program. SAMPLE: Women with severe maternal morbidity upon arrival at hospital (n = 297). Facility-matched referents with an uncomplicated childbirth at hospital (n = 297). METHODS: Prospective inclusion of participants over a period of six months, using clinical and management-based criteria for near-miss. Multivariate logistic regression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Individual and joint effects of interacting variables. RESULTS: Lack of ANC, lower education levels, and rural residence were interactively associated with near-miss upon arrival. Lack of ANC among women with limited education resulted in a four-fold greater risk for this condition. Such risk was considerably increased for women who lived in rural areas (OR 12.6; 95% CI 2.8-56.6). In addition, high maternal age and first time pregnancy were associated with near-miss upon arrival. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified subpopulations most likely to benefit from interventions designed to enable timely care-seeking for obstetric complications. ANC appears to facilitate utilization of emergency obstetric care, especially for women with socio-demographic disadvantages. Targeted initiatives to increase routine ANC may reduce severe maternal morbidity and mortality, both in urban and rural areas.

This article was published in Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics

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