Author(s): Feltran Lde S, Nogueira PC, Ajzen SA, Verrastro CG, PachecoSilva A
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess the evolution of renal size and function in pediatric transplant patients according to the graft mass/recipient size ratio. METHODS: Fifty pediatric renal transplant recipients were followed over 2 years. Grafts were weighed, and three different graft mass/m(2) ratios were determined: (1) low graft mass (58 g/m(2), range 31-57 g/m(2)), (2) median (142 g/m(2), range 59-141 g/m(2)) and high (267 g/m(2), range 143-353 g/m(2)). Patients underwent repeated ultrasound Doppler scans and repeated measurements of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; 1 week and 1, 6, 12 and 24 months), urinary retinol-binding protein (RBP) and proteinuria (1 week and 6, 12 and 24 months). RESULTS: The volume of renal tissue increased by 12 ± 5.6 cm(3) at 24 months (p = 0.035) in the low graft mass and decreased by -14 ± 7 cm(3) (p = 0.046) in the high graft mass. The eGFR increased when either low (30 ± 5 ml/min/1.73 m(2), p < 0.001) or median (19 ± 4 ml/min/1.73 m(2), p < 0.001) graft mass was transplanted but remained stable when high graft mass was transplanted. The resistive index (RI) presented a significant decrease throughout early follow-up in the transplants involving low and median graft mass, whereas a slight rise was observed in those involving high graft mass. A significant difference was apparent 6 months post-transplant. Transplants of low and median graft mass were associated with an initial higher urinary RBP. No significant differences in proteinuria were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Small kidneys undergo increases in volume and function without escalation of either proteinuria or urinary RBP, characterizing an adequate adaptation to the recipient. Children receiving larger kidneys present a reduction in volume, stable GFR and higher RI at 6 months.
This article was published in Pediatr Nephrol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Transplantation