Author(s): Dawson A, Cohen D, Candelier C, Jones G, Sanders J,
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Abstract We conducted a health technology assessment of the care of women with high-risk pregnancies in the South Wales valleys. Women in the control arm were intended to receive conventional care with standard midwifery visits. Women in the intervention arm received additional or longer visits and domiciliary fetal heart rate telemonitoring. Eighty-one mothers were randomized. There were significant differences in midwifery intervention resources between domiciliary and control groups, with the former receiving a mean of 3.7 visits lasting 33.5 min, compared with 1.4 visits lasting 12.8 min for the latter. There were slightly more spontaneous labours and fewer Caesarean sections in the domiciliary group. Maternal satisfaction and anxiety were high in both groups. Domiciliary care increased the service costs by 21.02 Pounds per woman in terms of extra midwife travel and visiting time, and by a further 18.38 Pounds per woman in home monitoring equipment costs. This, however, was more than offset by health service savings from fewer clinic visits (35.60 Pounds) and fewer clinic ultrasound scans (9.01 Pounds). Adding the reductions in lost productivity to women and their partners (34.51 Pounds) suggests that domiciliary care was cheaper than conventional care, even if it did not greatly reduce inpatient days (a reduction nonetheless saving 184.24 Pounds). While clinical processes were similar in both groups, there were useful practical advantages and savings for patients and the health service from the domiciliary intervention.
This article was published in J Telemed Telecare
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy