alexa Dopaminergic toxicity of rotenone and the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion after their stereotaxic administration to rats: implication for the mechanism of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine toxicity.


Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Heikkila RE, Nicklas WJ, Vyas I, Duvoisin RC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium ion (MPP+) is the four electron oxidation product of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6 -tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). MPP+ can be formed by the oxidation of MPTP by monoamine oxidase B to the intermediate dihydropyridinium species, MPDP+, which is spontaneously transformed to MPP+. In the present study, MPP+, like the mitochondrial toxin rotenone, inhibited pyruvate-malate respiration in isolated mitochondrial preparations. Moreover, the stereotaxic administration of both MPP+ and rotenone caused damage to the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway. These data clearly demonstrate that a mitochondrial toxin, administered stereotaxically, is extremely neurotoxic. The data lend support to the concept that MPTP-induced neurotoxicity may be due to the detrimental actions of enzymatically formed MPP+ on mitochondrial function.
This article was published in Neurosci Lett and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version