Author(s): Pellerin F, Dumitrescu D
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Abstract The separation, identification and determination of the fat- and water-soluble vitamins are realized by partition chromatography with a reversed-phase system made by bonding a C(18) group to silica. The water-soluble vitamins are directly separated with the mobile phase 1\% acetic acid/acetonitrile (89:11 v/v) and are revealed by an ultraviolet detector, except for pantothenic acid. The separation efficiency and precision of determination of the fat-soluble vitamins depend on the operational conditions. The composition of the excipients and all the constituents of pharmaceuticals (aqueous and oil solutions, injections, dispersions, emulsions) determine the choice of the extraction solvents and the preparation of the solution to be injected; the polarity of the mobile phase (acetonitrile/water 95:5 v/v) can be changed, and the choice depends on the components to be separated. The experimental conditions are specified and some examples are given of application of HPLC to determination of water-soluble vitamins (B1, B2, C, PP, B6) and fat-soluble vitamins (non-saponifiable oils, vitamin A and its esters, cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol, and tocopherol and its acetate) in multivitamin formulations (solutions, suspensions, syrups, fatty excipients etc.).
This article was published in Talanta
and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants